European policy-makers recognised the heating and cooling sector as a priority to achieve decarbonisation targets set for the European energy sector. In this scenario, cogeneration has a key role to play in it.
Heating and cooling in the built environment account for almost 40% of the total final energy demand. Since the heat sector has strong interconnections with others it is difficult to study separately.
A recent Joint Research Centre report studied how effective integration of the heat and power sectors can contribute to the energy efficiency and the climate change mitigation targets.
The first part of the study analyses the heating sector focusing on the built environment. The concept of system integration of heating and power is analysed presenting benefits and challenges.
The second part of the study focuses on a detailed model of the European power system. The report identified two main energy transitions pathways of the heating sector: electrification of heat, and efficient heat & power production via cogeneration and district heating.
Read the full JRC report on the heating sector: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/decarbonising-eu-heating-sector-integration-power-and-heating-sector