D.3.7 Report on fundamental spray combustion characteristics of FPBO and blends

To broaden our knowledge on FPBO combustion under engine-like conditions, the fundamental spray combustion characteristics of wood-based FPBO (reference), FPBO/alcohol blends, FPBO blended with ignition improver, and FPBO from different biomass origins are experimentally investigated in this deliverable.

D.3.3 Boiler Performance using FPBO for a SmartCHP system

The SmartCHP system combines a FPBO fuelled engine and flue gas boiler to produce electricity and heat at a high efficiency over the whole load range. A burner-boiler system is being developed which can be operated with pure FPBO or a mixture with up to 20% ethanol and flue gas from the engine with an oxygen content between 5 – 18%.

Predictive Dynamic Model of a Smart Cogeneration Plant Fuelled with Fast-Pyrolysis Bio-Oil

Small-scale biomass-based cogeneration has the potential to contribute significantly to a clean, flexible, secure, and cost-efficient energy system. It provides flexibility to future energy systems by balancing variable intermittent renewable energy sources. A smart control unit is needed to exploit its flexibility. A dynamic system model is required to enable smart control of a cogeneration unit and to determine its optimal working points. This study aims to develop, parameterise and tune a dynamic model of a cogeneration plant fuelled with fast-pyrolysis bio- oil.

Model-based fault diagnosis of selective catalytic reduction for a smart cogeneration plant running on fast pyrolysis bio-oil

The paper puts forward a method for the detection of hydrothermal aging of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) units.

D2.4 The production of FPBO from selected feedstock

Fast Pyrolysis Bio Oil (FPBO) can be produced from a variety of lignocellulosic biomass materials. In this report the results are presented concerning the production of FPBO from the biomass feedstocks selected in the SmartCHP project.

Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of N-Butanol and FPBO/N-Butanol Blends With Addition of Ignition Improver

In this study, the ignition and combustion characteristics of fast pyrolysis bio-oil (FPBO) are investigated in a combustion research unit (CRU), which mainly consists of a constant-volume combustion chamber.

D.3.2 Report on the determination of the ignition and combustion characteristics of FPBO

In this deliverable, the ignition and combustion characteristics of FPBO are determined. A combustion research unit system, which is mainly composed of a constant volume combustion chamber, is used to provide the well-controlled initial ambient conditions and fuel injection parameters.

D6.1 Market assessment_ Exergia_ November 2020

This study aims to allow understanding of the size of the potential for the application of the SmartCHP technology offering in the European Market. As this study runs in parallel with other tasks of the project (e.g. the biomass feedstock potential in EU countries, or the enabling environment) there is interaction between them and will be further elaborated in the course of the project.

D5.1 Sustainability assessment_ BTG_ june 2020

In this report sustainability issues are assessed for five different Smart CHP supply chains by applying the European Renewable Energy Directive (REDII) emission reduction calculation methodology and other sustainability schemes, supplemented of a check of sustainability topics that are not or only partly included in sustainability schemes but play a role in the discussion on sustainability of bioenergy.